Status of Working Women in Bangladesh: A Socio-Economic Study

Khandoker Monjure Kabir, Mahmuda Akter

Abstract


Women’s work plays an important role in achieving strong socioeconomic status for any country. The status of women is completely different than of men, especially in Bangladesh. As nearly half of the population is women, their position reflects the society’s condition and status. Among the total labor force, 35.98% (BBS, 2013) are women and their contribution to society and economy is growing. Despite their remarkable contribution, women are still facing discriminatory behavior from both the social and the economic point of view. Their socioeconomic status is not correctly specified yet. This study tries to find out whether there is any significant relationship between socioeconomic status (dependent variable) and different socioeconomic factors (independent variables). Main purpose of this research is to find out the status of women who are working outside by analyzing socioeconomic factors such as education, employment, health, transportation, sociocultural status, the right to take decision, and overall environment. Total respondents are 100 working women who have been randomly selected from different working groups. For conducting the study, a survey questionnaire was administered on the respondents. Descriptive statistical analysis, a simple Pearson Correlation, and multiple linear regression models have been used to analyze the collected data. Results of the descriptive analysis show that almost half of the respondents responded against good socioeconomic status of women in Bangladesh. About one-third participants do not want to talk about their right to take any personal, social, or economic decision which may be because they are not comfortable to reveal the true scenario. Analysis shows that the correlation between socioeconomic status and factors such as education (0.297**), sociocultural status (0.205*), environment (0.344**), and right to take decision (0.282**) are statistically significant. The ANOVA table indicates that the model is statistically significant at P = 0.000 which ensures significant impacts of all variables on socioeconomic status. This study conveys the message that the socioeconomic status of working women in Bangladesh is not so good. Factors that influence the status are interrelated, and they have a strong impact on women’s social and economic development. Among women labor force, 92.3% (Labor Force Survey, 2013) are employed and they cannot be neglected. This research will help the family, society, government, and policymakers to make and take necessary steps to improve the status of women which will have positive impact on the whole society and the economy.

Aus. J. Bus. Sco S. & IT. Vol 5(1), April 2019, P 7-16


Keywords


Working Women; Socioeconomic Factors; Status; Socioeconomy

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